Veiled Chameleon Care Sheet
Because of the Chameleons humidity levels it is best that they be kept in a screened enclosure to allow for ventilation. Good ventilation will help prevent bacterial as well a fungal infections.
Babies Chameleons up to 4 inches in length can be kept in an enclosure that is 24 inches tall by 16 inches by 16 inches. Veiled Chameleons over 4 inches should be housed in 36 inches tall by 18 inches by 18 inches.
During the day your chameleon needs to have access to full spectrum lighting (UV Lights). The wattage size needed to reach the optimal temperatures will depend on the size of you enclosure. There basking area should be kept right around 95 Degrees while the rest of the enclosure should be held right around 75 Degrees. Fluorescent UV lights don't give off much heat but must be used as chameleons are known for developing metabolic bone disease. The UV lighting enables your chameleon to produce the much needed D3 in order to process the calcium in there diet. Without calcium the chameleon will develop limb problems and motor skill problems and eventually death. Remember what ever enclosure you use that you full spectrum lighting should not be blocked by plastic or glass as they both reduce and stop UV lighting from penetrating the enclosure. The Chameleon should be able to get within 12 inches of the light if using the 5.0 or 10.0 UV bulb.
It is best if no substrate is used. If you want to use substrate paper towel makes an excellent choice. The problem with substrate in a chameleons cage is as follows. There tongue is very sticky and can miss the prey and end up picking up a small piece of substrate which could in turn cause impaction. Substrate also gives places for the prey to hide making it harder for the chameleon to find.
Chameleons are arboreal (live in trees). You can use either real or artificial plants and vines. Some of the best to use are Ivy, Hibiscus Ficus Trees, umbrella plants, grape vine works well. If using live plants check to make sure they are not poisonous to animals as some of your chameleons do eat small amounts of vegetables.
Care must be taken not to feed prey that is to large for the animal as this can cause choking and impaction problems. They are however little eating machines that grow rapidly. Hatchlings should be fed at least 3 times a day with either pinhead crickets or fruit flies. Sub Adults should be fed twice a day and Adults can be fed once per day. Remember after eating remove all crickets from the enclosure as they may attack the chameleon while it sleeps. Some alternative to crickets and fruit flies are house flies, meal worms (proper size), Wax worms, silk worms and roaches. Make sure that you feeder insects should be gut loaded at least 24 hours prior to feeding.
Calcium must be either given to the feeder insects or may be dusted at the time of feeding. When using the UV lighting is is not required that you use the Calcium with D3 as the chameleon will produce the D3 on its own under UV-B Lighting. If you intend on taking the animal outside or keeping it outside on good days DO NOT feed Calcium with D3 as you can overdose and kill the animal by way of D3 poisoning. A good quality vitamin should be used as well.
Veiled Chameleons have a high humidity requirement. They must be watered on a daily basis but they can not see standing water and a water bowl in the enclosure could also mean death as they cannot swim as well. To water and maintain humidity levels in the enclosure they should be misted at least twice per day. The chameleons will drink the water from the leaves and the water off the enclosure walls. The animals fecal matter should be firm and brown with whitish material mixed in call urates. There fecal matter will begin to turn a yellowish color the more dehydrated they get. The animals will also become dark and sunken. If you are at the stage of dark and sunken eyes you have reached a severe state of dehydration the the animal need liquid immediatly.